Apache Spark is an amazing distributed system, but part of the bargain we’ve made with the infrastructure deamons involves providing the correct set of magic numbers (aka tuning) or our jobs may be eaten by Cthulhu. Tuning Apache Spark is somewhat of a dark art, although thankfully, when it goes wrong, all we tend to lose is several hours of our day and our employer’s money.
Holden Karau, Rachel Warren, and Anya Bida explore auto-tuning jobs using both historical and live job information, using systems like Apache BEAM, Mahout, and internal Spark ML jobs as workloads. Much of the data required to effectively tune jobs is already collected inside of Spark. You just need to understand it. Holden, Rachel, and Anya outline sample auto-tuners and discuss the options for improving them and applying similar techniques in your own work. They also discuss what kind of tuning can be done statically (e.g., without depending on historic information) and look at Spark’s own built-in components for auto-tuning (currently dynamically scaling cluster size) and how you can improve them.
Even if the idea of building an auto-tuner sounds as appealing as using a rusty spoon to debug the JVM on a haunted supercomputer, this talk will give you a better understanding of the knobs available to you to tune your Apache Spark jobs.
Also, to be clear, Holden, Rachel, and Anya don’t promise to stop your pager going off at 2:00am, but hopefully this helps.
Holden Karau is a transgender Canadian software working in the bay area. Previously, she worked at IBM, Alpine, Databricks, Google (twice), Foursquare, and Amazon. Holden is the coauthor of Learning Spark, High Performance Spark, and another Spark book that’s a bit more out of date. She’s a committer on the Apache Spark, SystemML, and Mahout projects. When not in San Francisco, Holden speaks internationally about different big data technologies (mostly Spark). She was tricked into the world of big data while trying to improve search and recommendation systems and has long since forgotten her original goal. Outside of work, she enjoys playing with fire, riding scooters, and dancing.
Rachel Warren is a software engineer and data scientist for Salesforce Einstein, where she is working on scaling and productionizing auto ML on Spark. Previously, Rachel was a machine learning engineer for Alpine Data, where she helped build a Spark auto-tuner to automatically configure Spark applications in new environments. A Spark enthusiast, she is the coauthor of High Performance Spark. Rachel is a climber, frisbee player, cyclist, and adventurer. Last year, she and her partner completed a thousand-mile off-road unassisted bicycle tour of Patagonia.
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