Modern businesses have data at their core, but this data is changing continuously. How can you harness this torrent of information in real time? The answer: stream processing.
The core platform for streaming data is Apache Kafka, and thousands of companies are using Kafka to transform and reshape their industries, including Netflix, Uber, PayPal, Airbnb, Goldman Sachs, Cisco, and Oracle. Unfortunately, today’s common architectures for real-time data processing at scale suffer from complexity: to succeed, many technologies need to be stitched and operated together, and each individual technology is often complex by itself. This has led to a strong discrepancy between how we engineers would like to work and how we actually end up working in practice.
Michael Noll explains how Apache Kafka helps you radically simplify your data processing architectures by building normal applications to serve your real-time processing needs rather than building clusters or similar special-purpose infrastructure—while still benefiting from properties typically associated exclusively with cluster technologies, like high scalability, distributed computing, and fault tolerance. Michael also covers Kafka’s Streams API, its abstractions for streams and tables, and its recently introduced interactive queries functionality. Along the way, Michael shares common use cases that demonstrate that stream processing in practice often requires database-like functionality and how Kafka allows you to bridge the worlds of streams and databases when implementing your own core business applications (for example, in the form of event-driven, containerized microservices). As you’ll see, Kafka makes such architectures equally viable for small-, medium-, and large-scale use cases.
Michael Noll is a product manager at Confluent, the company founded by the creators of Apache Kafka. Previously, Michael was the technical lead of DNS operator Verisign’s big data platform, where he grew the Hadoop, Kafka, and Storm-based infrastructure from zero to petabyte-sized production clusters spanning multiple data centers—one of the largest big data infrastructures in Europe at the time. He is a well-known tech blogger in the big data community. In his spare time, Michael serves as a technical reviewer for publishers such as Manning and is a frequent speaker at international conferences, including Strata, ApacheCon, and ACM SIGIR. Michael holds a PhD in computer science.
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