Twitter has become the de facto medium for consumption of news in real time, and billions of events are generated and analyzed on a daily basis. To analyze these events, Twitter designed its own next-generation streaming system, Heron. Arun Kejariwal and Karthik Ramasamy walk you through how Heron is used to detect anomalies in real-time data streams. Although there’s been over 75 years of prior work in anomaly detection, most of the techniques cannot be used off the shelf because they’re not suitable for high-velocity data streams. Arun and Karthik explain how to make trade-offs between accuracy and speed and discuss incremental approaches that marry sampling with robust measures such as median and MCD for anomaly detection.
Arun Kejariwal is an independent lead engineer. Previously, he was he was a statistical learning principal at Machine Zone (MZ), where he led a team of top-tier researchers and worked on research and development of novel techniques for install-and-click fraud detection and assessing the efficacy of TV campaigns and optimization of marketing campaigns, and his team built novel methods for bot detection, intrusion detection, and real-time anomaly detection; and he developed and open-sourced techniques for anomaly detection and breakout detection at Twitter. His research includes the development of practical and statistically rigorous techniques and methodologies to deliver high performance, availability, and scalability in large-scale distributed clusters. Some of the techniques he helped develop have been presented at international conferences and published in peer-reviewed journals.
Karthik Ramasamy is the engineering manager and technical lead for real-time analytics at Twitter. Karthik is the cocreator of Heron and has more than two decades of experience working in parallel databases, big data infrastructure, and networking. He cofounded Locomatix, a company that specializes in real-time stream processing on Hadoop and Cassandra using SQL, which was acquired by Twitter. Before Locomatix, he had a brief stint with Greenplum, where he worked on parallel query scheduling. Greenplum was eventually acquired by EMC for more than $300M. Prior to Greenplum, Karthik was at Juniper Networks, where he designed and delivered platforms, protocols, databases, and high-availability solutions for network routers that are widely deployed in the Internet. He is the author of several patents, publications, and one best-selling book, Network Routing: Algorithms, Protocols, and Architectures. Karthik has a PhD in computer science from UW Madison with a focus on databases, where he worked extensively in parallel database systems, query processing, scale-out technologies, storage engines, and online analytical systems. Several of these research projects were spun out as a company later acquired by Teradata.
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